There are three other types of mesothelioma including:
Peritoneal mesothelioma, an aggressive cancer of the peritoneum (the membrane that lines the inside of the abdomen).1 20% - 33% of all mesotheliomas arise from the peritoneum and 50% of these can be linked to asbestos exposure.12 The symptoms can include abdominal pain, abdominal swelling, marked weight loss and, less frequently, night sweats and hypercoagulability.12 Like pleural mesothelioma, peritoneum mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose and consequently, is often detected once the cancer is in an advanced stage.12
Pericardial mesothelioma, an extremely rare cancer of the pericardium (the membrane that lines the heart).1 The reported prevalence of this type of mesothelioma is 0.0022% and to date, only a few hundred cases have been reported. Unlike peritoneal and pleural mesothelioma, there has been no definite correlation between asbestos and pericardium mesothelioma.13
Testicular mesothelioma , another, extremely rare cancer of the tunica vaginalis (the membrane that covers the testes)1 This type of mesothelioma represents 0.3% to 5% of all mesotheliomas14 and to date, there have only been 250 cases reported.15 Like other types of mesothelioma, asbestos exposure is considered to be the main risk factor – 30% - 40% of cases can be attributed to asbestos.15
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